Who is Martin Luther King Jr. ? Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., not to be confused with the 15th century German priest Martin Luther, is an internationally recognized civil rights leader and preacher who promoted non-violent activism against racial discrimination and injustice. He was born on January 15th, 1929, raised in the south and the son of a preacher. After completing his professional degree and seminary, he worked as a pastor in Montgomery, Alabama. Throughout the 1950s-60s, Dr. King participated in various protests and worked closely with John F. Kennedy and other civil rights leaders to bring about equality for all people. His Christian values and the peaceful, but organized approach of activist Mohandas “Mahatma” Gandhi greatly influenced his opinions about social injustice. He participated in events like the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the march in Washington D.C. on the 100th anniversary of Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation. He was granted a Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 for his work in human rights and activism. On April 4, 1968, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated in an attempt to prevent the continuation of the Civil Rights Movement.
Want to learn more?
- Follow the highlighted links throughout this article.
- Read Martin Luther King Jr.’s biography on NobelPrize.org.
- Watch and/or read Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I have a dream” speech on Holidays.net.
- Check out the multitude of resources and original writings of MLK at The Martin Luther King, Jr. Research and Education Institute.